Experiment Method of Dragon Fruit Intervention in Increasing Hemoglobin Level
PEMBERIAN BUAH NAGA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN DENGAN METODE EKSPERIMENT
Keywords:anemia, iron supplement, dragon fruit.
The prevalence of anemia among pregnant women in Indonesia in 2018 estimated 48,9% where an increase occurred compare to 2013 which counted 11,8%. It is noted that iron supplement that give for pregnant women was 73,2% where those who got 90 tablets or more of iron supplements stood at 24% and 76% of them just got less than 90 tablets. The Government has conducted iron supplements distribution program but anemia prevalency has not decline yet. Dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) is red in color, with estimation 100 gram of dragon fruit contain 60 kkal of energy; 0,2 gram protein; 0,2 gram lipid; 11,5 gram Ph; 3,8 mg calcium; 60,4 mg iron; 1,3 mg vitamin B1; 9,4 mg of Vitamin C and 0,9 gram of fiber. Those are effective in controlling iron deficiency and mostly can be absorbed and participating in increasing iron absorbtion from food through formation of ascorbate ferro complex. This study aims to identify the Hemoglobin (Hb) increase tendency among pregnant women with anemia before and after intervention of iron supplement and dragon fruit. This paper used quasy experiment design. All pregnant women with anemia that noted in Sungai Durian Public Heath Center from Januari-Juni 2019 period are the population. Sampling method applied purposive sampling which obtained 15 people. Paired t-test applies for data analyzing. Result proved that there was a significant increase of Hemoglobin in comparating before and after intervention of iron supplement and dragon fruit consumption, where obtained p value = 0,000 and it can be seen that there was an influence of Hemoglobin level after intervention 1,1 with level of confidence 95%.
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